Baby Broad Beans

These are broad beans that have not matured fully. They have a sweeter flavour are mostly available as a frozen product.

Top Tips

Remove the outer shell of the broad bean to reveal the green bean inside. This makes a delicious, nutritious and pretty addition to a summer salad.

Baby Carrots

A baby carrot is a carrot sold at a smaller size before reaching maturity, not to be confused with a  baby-cut carrot, which is a small piece cut from a larger carrot. Baby-cut carrots are often marketed as ‘baby carrots’, although that is not what they actually are.

Baby Kale

Compared to mature kale, baby kale is more versatile and more tender. The leaves are softer in texture and high in vitamins A, C and K.

Top Tips

Use as an alternative to spinach by adding to curry, stews, and soups or roast in the oven to eat as a tasty snack.

Baby Peas

Baby peas or petite-pois as they are often called refer to a particularly young and tender green pea. These peas are smaller and have a sweeter flavour to regular garden peas. They are perfect along side many savoury dishes, or alternatively , a handful mixed in any meal can add a little colour and goodness!

Top Tips

Use baby peas or petite pois in stews and pasta sauces as a way of adding another vegetable to your dish. Baby peas are a delicious addition to a salad.

Baby Potatoes

Baby potatoes are that have been taken from the soil before they are fully grown, because of this baby potatoes have a sweet flavour. Baby potatoes normally have a thin light brown outer skin with a creamy white interior. These potatoes are used globally and in a range of recipes from salads to main meals.

Baby Spinach

Baby spinach is the term used to describe spinach that has been harvested during a fairly early stage of plant growth, usually between 15-35 days after planting. It is used as a vegetable in salads and included in many dishes. It is known for having a high iron content, along with other leafy green vegetables.

Top Tips

Use baby spinach as a leafy green or steam, boil or fry to add to dishes as 1 of you 5 a day, or use as a side dish.

Baby Sweetcorn

Baby sweetcorn is a cereal grain taken from sweetcorn harvested early, so the stalks are still small and immature. It typically is eaten whole – cob included as opposed to mature corn, whose cob is too tough for human consumption. It is eaten both raw and cooked. Baby corn is common in stir fry dishes.

Bacon Flavour Rasher Crisps

Bacon flavour rasher crisps are usually made from maize and have a bacon flavour added to them. They are made to resemble a bacon rasher. You can get them in all UK supermarkets under own brand labels or branded items.

Top Tips

Crumble on top of a lasagna or pasta bake to make a crispy ‘bacon’ topping.


A round bread like baked item with a hole in the middle, bagels are a popular lunch item. Widely available with different flavours in all UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Cut a bagel in half and use as an easy pizza base for a quick dinner, or for children’s lunchboxes.


A baguette is a long thin loaf of bread that originates from France. It is typically eaten as a breakfast loaf but is also enjoyed as an accompaniment to most meals.

Top Tips

Use a baguette in our recipe for French Onion Soup with Cheesey Croutons.

Baked Beans

Haricot beans tinned with a sweet tomato sauce, baked beans are able to be eaten cold from the tin or eaten hot.

Top Tips

Served over brown toast, baked beans make for an excellent protein source as well as an easy and cheap meal.

Baking Potato

Starchy potato varieties such as Maris Piper, King Edward and Desiree. Other types of potato are available, however these are the most common in supermarkets.

Top Tips

Use the inside of baked potatoes to make an easy and quick mash. Alternatively, sliced baked potatoes and shallow fry for easy and quick homemade chips.

Baking Powder

Widely available at a low cost, baking powder is a dry chemical leavening agent that releases carbon dioxide into the dough or batter mixture. It is a white powder that is usually made from bicarbonate of soda and an acid salt.

Top Tips

Not only can baking powder be used for baking, you can use it as a natural cleaner, a breath freshener, a skin exfoliant and much much more!

Baking Soda

Baking soda is the same as bicarbonate of soda. It is white powder in fine crystalline form and because it is alkaline, it helps soda breads rise. It is easily accessible in supermarkets.

Top Tips

Clean dirty fruit and veg with baking soda; To clean your fruit, put some baking soda on a damp sponge, scrub your produce and rinse.

Balsamic glaze

Balsamic glaze is an Italian condiment that is a reduction of balsamic vinegar with sugar.

Top Tips

Balsamic glaze can be added to tomato based dishes to add depth of flavour or can drizzled over a salad as a dressing.

Balsamic Vinegar

This is a type of vinegar that is made from vinegar with grape must. It is high in concentration and rich in flavour. It is traditional to Italy, however it is widely available in UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Use to make a quick and easy salad dressing – mix with olive oil, garlic, salt and pepper.

Bamboo Shoots

Bamboo shoots or bamboo sprouts are the edible shoots of the bamboo plant. They are used as vegetables in numerous Asian dishes and broths.

Sold in various processed shapes, they are available in fresh, dried, and tinned versions.

Raw bamboo shoots contain cyanogenic glycosides, which are natural toxins (which can also be found in cassava.) These toxins must be destroyed by thoroughly cooking the bamboo shoots and for this reason fresh bamboo shoots are often boiled before being used in other ways. The toxins are also destroyed in the canning process, which is the most popular way to purchase bamboo shoots.

Top Tips

See recipe for Savoy Cabbage Dumplings


A pale yellow fruit with a thick skin, bananas are grown in countries with a hot climate. They are a popular fruit that is widely available. When they are ripe they are yellow in colour, transitioning from green and get black spots on when they are over ripe.

Top Tips

If your bananas are turning brown, mash them up and use as an egg substitute or to make banana bread. Chopped up and frozen, then blended in a high speed blender, bananas also make a healthy ice cream or smoothie base.

Banana Blossom

Banana blossom is a bunch of tear shaped flowers found at the end of a banana cluster.

You can use banana blossom as a substitute for fish as it has a flaky texture, or just just use it as a delicious addition to a healthy salad as banana blossom flowers contain a multitude of vitamins and nutrients.

Tins of banana blossom can be found online and also in a variety of Asian supermarkets as banana blossom isn’t a plant indigenous to the UK.

Banana Pepper

This medium-sized member of the chilli pepper family is also known as the yellow wax pepper or the banana chilli. With a mild, tangy taste, it is often pickled or used raw. Usually bright yellow in colour, these veggies can turn orange or even red as they ripen.

Top Tips

Use as a tasty but smaller alternative to Romano peppers and stuff with lentils for a tasty meal.

Banana Shallots

These are otherwise known as Echalion shallots, and they are unusual in their shape, as they look like a cross between a shallot and an onion, however they have a milder taste. Often more expensive than onions and shallots, they are not considered a cupboard staple.

Top Tips

Use as a slightly sweeter alternative to a regular white onion.


Natural and organic, this African super fruit is the only fruit in the world that dries on the branch, producing a natural superfood powder. With a delicious sweet and citrusy flavour, baobab supports a wide range of health and beauty benefits.

Top Tips

Add baobab powder to homemade protein bars or energy balls for added nutrition.

Barbeque Sauce

This sweet, tangy sauce is widely available. Generally it does not have a hot flavour, however some recipes might require a different type of barbeque sauce, however that should be specified. It is brown in colour.

Top Tips

Barbeque sauce can be used to make pulled ‘pork’ jackfruit as well as a quick and easy salad dressing, dip or glaze for barbeque dishes.

Basil, dried

Dried basil refers to basil leaves that have been dried, it has a stronger flavour than fresh basil, and when used as an alternative in recipes that demand fresh basil, a smaller amount is needed than the amount specified. Dried basil is also a perfect all year round alternative to seasonal fresh basil.

Top Tips

Use dried basil in place of fresh basil in recipes. It works particularly well in tomato sauces and Italian inspired dishes.

Basil, Fresh

This is a herb that is easily accessible and can be grown in the UK. Often used to add flavour to dishes, basil is a green coloured leaf and included in Italian cooking.

Top Tips

Blended with olive oil, seasoning and garlic, fresh basil makes a simple and delicious salad dressing.

Basmati Rice

One of the most common types of rice, this is a widely available type. Used in Asian cooking, basmati rice is white in colour and is one of the long grain varieties.

Top Tips

Rinse basmati rice before cooking to remove the starch, this will make rice fluffier when cooked.

Bay Leaves

Used in cooking to infuse flavour, bay leaves are removed from a dish before serving. Used in a range of cuisines, bay leaves are a the dried leaves from bay trees.

Top Tips

Bay leaves are great to use as a herb when cooking, but you can also use powdered bay leaves to clean your teeth with, or made into a paste with oil as relief from an insect bite.


Traditionally used in Chinese takeaways, the most common types of bean sprouts come from yellow-capped soy beans and green-capped mug beans. The bean sprouts are white in colour and are available in most supermarkets.

Top Tips

Beansprouts are a great addition to stir fries and can be used raw in salads to add a crunchy bite.

Beef Tomato

Beef tomatoes (otherwise known as beefsteak tomato) is one of the largest varieties of cultivated tomatoes. Similar in taste to regular vine tomatoes, beef tomatoes are twice, sometimes three times the size of regular tomatoes.

Top Tips

Use beef tomatoes in our recipe for Greek Stuffed Tomatoes and Peppers.


Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic beverages in the world. It is the third most popular drink overall after water and tea and is brewed from cereal grains—most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), and rice are also used.

Top Tips

Use beer in batters when cooking dishes such as beer battered tofu.


This is a ground vegetable that is a deep purple in colour and has an earthy flavour. It can be pickled, roasted or eaten raw.

Top Tips

Raw beetroot can be grated and made into an alternative coleslaw. Roasted beetroot can be used as a tasty side dish or as a salad topper.

Beetroot (Beet) Powder

Beetroot powder is made from the root vegetable beetroot. It very simple is like it says beetroot in powder form.

Top Tips

Use beetroot powder as a natural food dye in baking and other dishes to give it a deep magenta colour.

Beetroot Crystals

Beetroot (Beet) Crystals are a naturally sweet tasting ingredient that has been carefully obtained from the juice of freshly pressed beetroots. Beetroot crystals are an instantly soluble product that is made from pure concentrate.

Top Tips

Add beetroot crystals to your meals, smoothies and snacks as an easy way to boost your vitamin, mineral, antioxidant and fibre intake.

Beetroot Puree

Beetroot puree is made from cooked beetroot that is blended with other ingredients. It is used as a component to compliment other elements of a dish.

Top Tips

Use as a natural food colorant or to garnish a dish for extra colour.


Berbere is a spice mixture that usually includeds chilli peppers, garlic, ginger, basil, korarima, rue, ajwain or radhuni, nigella, and fenugreek. It is a key ingredient in the cuisines of Ethiopia and Eritrea.

Berbere Spice Mix

Make your own Ethiopian Spice Mix

  • 1 tsp ground coriander
  • 1 tsp ground cumin
  • ½ tsp ground fenugreek
  • 1 tsp ground allspice
  • ½ tsp ground cardamom
  • ½ tsp ground cloves
  • ½ tsp chilli powder
  • 3 tbsp paprika
  • ½ tsp ground nutmeg
  • ½ tsp ground ginger
  • ½ tsp ground cinnamon
  • 1 tsp ground turmeric


Top Tips

See how to make the most of your Berbere spice mix in our Ethiopian Spread

Bevelini dried butter beans

Butter beans, also known as ‘Gigantes’ due to their giant size, are used to create a wide array of mouth-watering Mediterranean meals. They’re the perfect nutritious addition to many sides, salads and stews and celebrated as the star ingredient in many well-known international dishes such as Greece’s Gigantes Plaki.

Bevelini dried chickpeas

Chickpeas are loved around the globe and have a treasured place in the panty of many international kitchens, including the Mediterranean. They are full of protein, fibre, folic acid and manganese and can be considered nutritional overachievers. As well as salads, soups, stews and curries, it would be amiss of us not to mention their starring role in one of the Mediterranean’s most popular exports – houmous.

Bevelini Kalamata olives

Kalamata olives are world-renowned for their unique flavour and outstanding quality. They are grown in the nourishing climes of the Greek Kalamata region. They have a juicy texture and unique sweet-fruity flavour. We’d recommend eating them as they are to truly appreciate the flavour. They can also be added to salads and pastas and served alongside your favourite main course.


Bevelini lemon dressing

Perfect as a condiment for any dining table, our Mediterranean Lemon Dressing delivers a revitalising burst of zesty flavour to help invigorate any meal. Sprinkle it generously over a nutritious salad or use it to add a refreshing layer of flavour to your favourite fish, meat and vegetable dishes.

Bevelini roasted red peppers

Our roasted red peppers are a must stock for any discerning Mediterranean kitchen. The lightly smoked flavour works perfectly with the natural sweetness of the peppers to deliver a taste which can only be described as divine. Use them to liven up your salads, add a nourishing filling to your panini or pasta dish or blend them to make a paste or dip.

Bicarbonate of Soda

This is otherwise known as baking soda, and it is white powder is fine crystalline form. It is alkaline and helps soda breads rise, for example, as well as other bakes items. It is easily accessible in supermarkets.

Top Tips

Clean dirty fruit and veg with bicarbonate of soda; To clean your fruit, put some bicarb on a damp sponge, scrub your produce and rinse.

Biscoff Spread

This is a spread that is made by the same company who make the popular Biscoff biscuits. This spread has a caramel flavour to it and  is suitable for vegans.

Top Tips

Swirl into chocolate brownie to add a flavour and colour contrast.


Digestive Biscuit

A biscuit is a flour-based baked food product, but depending on what part of the world you live, it can mean different things.

Biscuits in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man and Ireland are hard and may be savoury or sweet.  (Digestives, ginger nuts, rich tea, and bourbons are example of biscuits that are often considered ‘accidently vegan’ but always check ingredients to be sure.)

In Commonwealth nations and Ireland, a biscuit is a small baked product and the term “cookie” typically refers to only one type of biscuit (chocolate chip cookie); however, it may also locally refer to specific types of biscuits or breads.

In the United States and some parts of English Canada, a “biscuit” is a quick bread, usually unsweetened and is similar in taste and texture to what the British call a scone. In South American states, this type of biscuit is served with gravy as a main meal. 


Black Beans

Also called black turtle beans, this bean is often found in Latin American cuisine. It has a dense and meaty texture that makes it popular with plant based meals.

N.B Do not confuse them with black-eyes peas or black-eyed beans.

Top Tips

Mashed up, black beans are a great base for making bean burgers due to their robustness and slightly ‘meaty’ texture and appearance.

Black Garlic

Simply ordinary garlic that has gone through a high heat, long duration, fermentation process, black garlic has a sweet and syrupy taste with hints of balsamic vinegar or tamarind.

Top Tips

Use black garlic the same as you would regular garlic.

Black Glutinous Rice

This unpolished whole grain of traditional white rice is native to India and Southeast Asia. With sticky individual grains and a nutty flavour, it is commonly used in both sweet and savoury Asian dishes.

Top Tips

Use black rice instead of white rice if you want a more nutrient rich alternative.

Black Gram

Also known as black lentil, it is one of the most widely consumed lentils in India. These rounded black lentils with a sticky texture and bland, earthy flavours are jam-packed full of nutrients. From soups and stews to curries, breads and side dishes, black gram is an indispensable part of exotic cuisines.

Top Tips

Add to stews, curries, soup etc as a great way to thicken them.

Black Lentils

Black lentils, also known as Beluga lentils due to their resemblance to Beluga caviar, have a soft texture and sumptuous, earthy flavour. They are ideal in salads and soups or included with many cooked main meal dishes. Black lentils are both striking to look at as well as are a high antioxidant anthocyanin food.

Top Tips

Use black lentils in soups, stews and other dishes as a way of adding a nutritious and healthy protein to a meal.

Black Mustard Seeds

Black mustard seeds are tiny little strong flavoured seeds used most commonly in Indian cooking. They are the most pungent of all mustard seeds. The tiny seeds are dark brown with a slightly reddish hue to some seeds.

Top Tips

Add to bread when baking or sprinkle over salads.

Black Olives

Black olives are the result of olives that have been left to mature for longer, and develop a darker colour. They are often used as toppings on pizza and included in salads.

Top Tips

Add black olives to pasta sauces, to garnish salads, couscous, stews etc. as a way of adding texture, flavour and nutrients.

Black Pepper

This is the ground spice that comes from black peppercorns. It is widely available in UK supermarkets and one of the most commonly used seasonings.

Top Tips

Pepper is a staple cooking ingredient, however, it also helps to increase the cleaning power of your everyday detergent and prevents clothes from fading after washing.

Black Peppercorns

Black peppercorns are the fruit that are dried from the flowering vine, piper nigrum. Black pepper is the world’s most traded spice and one of the most commonly used.

Top Tips

Black peppercorns can be made into ground pepper using either a spice blender or with a pestle and mortar. Sprinkle over any dish for a tasty kick.

Black Quinoa

Black quinoa is earthier and sweeter tasting than white quinoa and maintains its colour even when cooked. Although black quinoa is typically harder to find than white or red, it contains the same general benefits as all quinoa varieties.

Top Tips

Use as a tasty alternative to white quinoa. Serve as an accompaniment to salad or as an on the go meal. Prepare the night before and take it as a lunchtime meal for work.

Black Rice

Sometimes known as purple rice, this is a glutinous type of rice that is popular with Asian cooking. It has a high anthocyanin content as well as being a good source of vitamin E and iron. It is similar in flavour to brown rice, which has a mild, nutty flavour.

Top Tips

Use black rice instead of white rice if you want a more nutrient rich alternative.

Black Seaweed Pearls

Black seaweed pearls are shimmering pearls with a fresh taste of sea and saltiness. They are made from seaweed and unlike caviar that is made from fish eggs, include no animal ingredients meaning they are suitable for vegetarians and vegans and have a lower carbon footprint than fish caviar.

Serve cold as a canapé topping, as salad or sandwich decoration or mixed into dips and toppings or heated in hot sauces.



Top Tips

Use black seaweed pearls in our recipe for Blinis with Smoked Carrot and ‘Caviar’

Black Sesame Seeds

Used in many different Asian cuisines, black sesame seeds are are used to coat sushi, meat and vegetables. It is also popular in African cuisines, with Tanzania and Sudan being two of the world’s largest growers of black sesame seeds. They are believed to have a range of health benefits, including anti-aging and aiding the strength of bones.

Top Tips

Toast the seeds and sprinkle over stir frys, salads or stir through rice for added texture and nuttiness as well as a healthy and nutritious boost.

Black-Eyed Peas

Black-Eyed Peas or Black-eyed beans are small, creamy-flavoured beans with a black ‘eye’ where they were joined to the pod. They are used in American and African cooking. Not to be confused with black beans.

Top Tips

Use black eyed peas can be added to soups and stews or as a nice addition to a salad.


Blackberries are a berry with a dark colour, and commonly found in hedgerows in the UK. They are similar in shape to raspberries, however they have a distinctly different flavour. They are best when in season from June until November. They are full of antioxidants and are linked to having numerous health benefits.

Top Tips

A great fruit to preserve and turn into jam. Easily found in the wild so a great fruit to forage for.

Blackcurrent Cordial

Blackcurrant Cordial is a non-alcoholic concentrated syrup used in beverage making. It is made from blackcurrant fruit juice, water, and sugar or a sugar substitute. It is also referred to as ‘squash’.

Top Tips

Use blackcurrant cordial when making our Blueberry and Biscuit Lollies.

Blackstrap Molasses

This is the viscous molasses that remain after sugar has been extracted from raw sugar cane. It is similar to a thick syrup in terms of its consistency and it is dark in colour. You can get them from most UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Molasses can be added to homemade raw energy balls to give them an all round nutritional boost, as well as working well as a binding agent.

Blanched Almonds

A blanched almond is when a shelled almond gets coated with hot water so that the seed-coat can be softened and removed.

Top Tips

Make homemade marzipan from blanched almonds. Use marzipan when baking.

Blood Orange

Blood orange is a type of orange that has a scarlet crimson, almost blood coloured flesh. The skin is often harder to peel than that of other oranges and has a different flavour of raspberry overtones. Blood oranges are also less acidic than regular oranges.

Top Tips

Use in place of regular orange for example in a salad or in desserts.


The fruit from a flowering perennial plant, blueberries are considered a superfood due to the high levels of vitamins in the berries. They are a good source of vitamin K, vitamin C, manganese and anthocyanins. You can get them fresh or frozen in most UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Blueberries are a tasty yogurt or breakfast cereal topping, a healthy smoothie ingredient, or they make a quick blueberry sauce when heated up in the microwave or on the hob.

Bok Choy

Bok choy also know as pak choi or pok choi is a type of Chinese cabbage. Made up of smooth, dark green leaf blades which form a cluster very much like those of celery.

Top Tips

Use in stir fries or as a side dish drizzled with soy sauce. It is tasty when steamed or fried, but do not overcook as it loses it crunch.


Sometimes called star flower, this cucumber flavoured herb grows at least 2 feet tall. The slightly fuzzy young leaves of the borage plant can be eaten raw as salad greens or used in any way that you use lettuce. The leaves have a mild cucumber flavour and they provide a whole variety of nutrients.

Top Tips

The slightly fuzzy young leaves of the borage plant can be eaten raw as salad greens or used in any way that you use lettuce.

Borlotti Beans

Borlotti beans are otherwise known as cranberry beans due to their colour. It is commonly used in Italian, Portuguese, Turkish and Greek cuisines. They are widely available in UK supermarkets at low prices.

Top Tips

Borlotti beans once cooked can be used in salads, and can be cooked in stews and soups to make them more robust.

Bouillon Powder

Bouillon powder is a powdered vegetable stock that is added into stews, soups, casseroles and some sauces. It is widely available under different brand names. For a vegan options, ensure that you purchase the vegetable stock only as meat options are available.

Top Tips

Boil rice and grains in a bouillon stock to add depth of flavour.

Bramley Apples

Bramley apple, or simply Bramley,  is an apple which is usually eaten cooked due to its sourness. The apples are very large, two or three times the weight of a typical dessert apple. They are flat with a vivid green skin which becomes red on the side which receives direct sunlight.

Top Tips

To use Bramley Apples in a recipe, follow our recipe for Baked Apples.


Brandy is an alcoholic spirit that is drunk in small portions after dinner and added into recipes sometimes. It is made from distilled wine. Available from supermarkets and specialist retailers.

Top Tips

Brandy can be added to sauces and gravy’s to make them richer. Add to a vegan hot chocolate as a comforting evening tipple.

Brazil Nuts

Brazil nuts, are packed full of nutrients and are a delicious type of nuts that come from a tree in South America called The Brazil nut tree. These nuts can be eaten raw or included in recipes. Some of the health benefits of the Brazil nut include, aids in digestion, boosts immune system, helps in cellular growth, repair and wound healing.

Top Tips

Eat as a convenient snack or dip in chocolate to make a sweet treat.


A staple food to keep in, bread can be made with different flours. There are many different types available, such as rye for example, and some brands make gluten-free bread.

Top Tips

Stale bread can be finely ground in a food processor to make breadcrumbs.

Bread Rolls

A roll is a small, often round loaf of bread served as a meal accompaniment (eaten plain or with butter). They can be eaten whole or cut transversely on their own or stuffed with different fillings between the two halves, similar to a sandwich that uses slices of bread.


Used to coat different foods, breadcrumbs are available in different types. They are easily made with day-old bread, or purchased in the supermarkets. The give food a crunch texture on the outside, and help some foods to retain moisture.

Top Tips

Breadcrumbs can be used to thicken sauces, as a crispy topping for pasta bakes and lasagnas, and adding breadcrumbs to bean burgers helps them stick together to form patties.

Use stale breadcrumbs in our recipe for Taramasolata.

Breadcrumbs (gluten-free)

Used to coat different foods, breadcrumbs are available in different types. They are easily made with day-old bread, or purchased in the supermarkets. The give food a crunch texture on the outside, and help some foods to retain moisture.

Top Tips

When making your own gluten-free bread crumbs, make sure you use a brand of gluten-free  bread that is vegan, as many gluten-free breads contain egg.

Supermarkets own brand of bread is often vegan-friendly, but double check ingredients list.


Most commonly used as a vegetable, breadfruit is a staple food in many tropical countries. It can be fried, or roasted, boiled in soups or mashed with margarine and non-dairy milk. When cooked, the taste of breadfruit is described as potato like, or similar to freshly baked bread.

Top Tips

Breadfruit is rich in starch; fry, bake, roast, boil as you would a potato.

Breakfast Muffins

Breakfast muffins are a bread-like round food product that is coated in semolina, typically. They are widely available in all UK supermarkets and are made with white or wholegrain flour. There are many recipes on the internet to make different versions of this breakfast food.

Top Tips

Use as an alternative to bread when making sandwiches for kids packed lunches (or adults).

Broad Beans

Broad beans are adaptable and pretty hardy, growing in most soils and climates. They are part of the legume family.  Broad beans are a great source of protein and carbohydrates, and are packed full of vitamins such as A, B1 and B2. They can be brought fresh but are often brought frozen for convince.


Broccoli is cut into florets and cooked to be eaten. It is a green vegetable that has minerals and vitamins that are beneficial to human health. They are widely available and there are different types of broccoli – purple sprouting, for example.

Top Tips

Roast in the oven to make a delicious salad topping.

Brown Lentils

This type of lentils is the most common and they are sometimes khaki brown coloured. They hold their shape well and cook in 20-30 minutes. Their flavour is earthy and mild.

Top Tips

Use as a ‘meaty’ substitute to mince in lasagnas, moussakas, bolognese etc.

Brown Onion

The brown onion is more commonly know as a yellow onion, but is also sometimes just referred to as a white onion or just onion.

The brown onion comes in a range of sizes going from golf ball to softball, with light yellow flesh and golden, papery skin. Tasting rather strong when raw then very sweet when cooked. Brown onions are available all year, in the summer and early autumn, they taste sweeter, as they haven’t been in storage as long, where as they are sharper through the winter months.

Top Tips

Onions are so versatile when used in savoury dishes. Add them to dishes to give them flavour especially soups, stews, roasted vegetables, salads or caramalise them with sugar and use as a dressing or dip.

Brown Rice

Rice is generally a poor source of vitamins and minerals. However, considerable amounts may be concentrated in the bran of brown rice
Manganese: A trace mineral found in most foods, especially whole grains. It is essential for metabolism, growth, development. It’s also a powerful antioxidant that seeks out free radicals and neutralizes these harmful particles, thereby preventing many of the potential dangers they cause
Selenium: A mineral that is a component of selenoproteins, which have various important functions in the body
Thiamin: Also known as vitamin B1, thiamin is essential for metabolism and the function of the heart, muscles, and nervous system.
Niacin: Also known as vitamin B3, niacin in rice is mostly in the form of nicotinic acid. Soaking rice in water before cooking may increase its absorption
Magnesium: Found in brown rice, magnesium is an important dietary mineral.
Copper: Often found in whole grains, copper is low in the Western diet. Poor copper status could have negative effects on heart health

Top Tips

Add brown rice to salads to give them a nutty taste and texture. Can also be used to make a healthier version of rice pudding.

Brown Sugar

This type of sugar is brown because of the presence of molasses and it is either unrefined or partially refined soft sugar. Used in baking and sauces as it caramelizes quickly. It is widely available in all UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Use brown sugar when baking. It is ideal when making caramel sauces as it adds a touch of extra flavor. Common uses for brown sugar include sweetening baked goods, beverages, sauces, and marinades.

Brussels Sprouts

A member of the brassica family, brussels sprouts are one of the least favoured greens. They grow to be up to 4cm in diameter, and are particularly popular as a component of Christmas dinners. They are picked off of stalks where the vegetable grows.

Top Tips

Instead of boiling them, either shred them and fry them or roast them, to give your sprouts a tasty face-lift.

Buckwheat Flour

Buckwheat flour, also known as “Sarrasin flour” despite its name is not a form of wheat and does not naturally contain gluten. Buckwheat flour can be used in making bread, scones, pancakes and more.

Buckwheat Pasta

Doves Farm Buckwheat Penne

Buckwheat pasta is made from buckwheat flour. It is often gluten-free as it is not made using wheat flour.

It is a robust and tasty alternative to wheat -based pasta.

Buffalo Sauce

Packing some serious punch, this sauce combines melted vegan butter, hot pepper sauce, vinegar, garlic and cayenne pepper. Best enjoyed poured over cauliflower or as a garnish on vegan mac n cheese, spicy food aficionados will adore this buffalo sauce.

Top Tips

Best enjoyed poured over cauliflower or as a garnish on vegan mac n cheese.

Bulgur Wheat

Pale-brown, nutty tasting bulgur wheat is made by par-boiling, drying, and then coarsely grinding wheat berries. Sometimes referred to as cracked wheat, bulgur is rich in protein, minerals, and antioxidants.

Top Tips

Use bulgur wheat as an alternative to couscous and take it as a quick an easy on the go lunch, serve with salad or as an accompaniment to a main meal for dinner.

Burger Buns

A burger bun is a round, risen bread designed specifically to hold a burger patty and the accompanying toppings.  Burger buns are higher in sugar and fat compared to bread.

Top Tips

The burger bun, when sliced in half, makes burgers and sandwiches portable and easy foods to eat.

Butter Beans

These large white beans are a common addition to stews and casseroles and are otherwise known as lima beans. This type of bean is a good source of dietary fiber and is high in protein. They must be thoroughly cooked to prevent sickness as the toxin phytohaemagglutinin is present in butter beans. Tinned butter beans carry less risk of this due to the pre-cooking process.

Top Tips

Coat in a light dressing and add to salad for a healthy and nutritious lunch.

~To make use of butter beans, try our Fennel and Butterbean Cassoulet

Butterhead Lettuce

Butterhead lettuce receives its name from the sweet buttery flavor and delicate texture of the large, ruffled outer leaves. Cutting into the lettuce reveals a soft, folded, and blanched heart. It is great to use in salads.

Butternut Squash

One of the most commonly used and it has orange flesh, similar to pumpkins. It has seeds inside that need to be removed before use, however these are edible. It is technically a fruit as it has seeds, however it is used as a vegetable and has a very sweet flavour. They are best when in season during the autumn.

Top Tips

A great vegetable to make an easy soup with, roast and top salads with it or blend to make into an easy and healthy pasta sauce.

Button Mushrooms

Button mushrooms are one of the most common types of mushroom, and they are widely available. They are usually white in colour, however you can get brown ones.

Top Tips

Mix things up a bit and instead of adding mushrooms to everyday dishes, try roasting them instead with oil and garlic.


PlantBased Newsletter

Register for our regular bulletins of all things PlantBased