Resembling a large white carrot, a daikon is a member of the radish family. Although pungent when raw, they have a mild and sweet taste when cooked. Enjoy shredded daikon instead of cabbage in your next batch of homemade coleslaw.

Top Tips

Make a homemade vegan kimchi with daikon radish.

Dairy-Free Cheese

Dairy free cheese, is completely plant based and it involves combining protein mass from various plant sources with lactic bacteria which are often added to the ingredients for acidity. Oils, emulsifiers, and thickeners are also often used to produce harder ranges of Dairy free cheeses. The ingredients used in non dairy cheese depending on the brand and type of cheese usually can be made from, solidified vegetable oil such as coconut, soy protein (used in shiny, slick, rubbery varieties), solidified vegetable oil, like coconut, or safflower, thickening agar agar flakes, nutritional yeast, nuts, including almonds, macadamias, and cashews, tapioca flour, natural enzymes, vegetable glycerin, arrowroot, and pea protein, also assorted bacterial cultures. Dairy free cheese is otherwise known as vegan cheese .

Top Tips

Use dairy-free cheese as you would non vegan cheese – on top of pasta, on pizzas, in a sandwich etc etc.

Dairy-Free Chocolate Chips

Dairy free chocolate chips are excellent for baking. They are small nibs of Dairy free chocolate and can be used whole or melted down in any sweet recipe or even eaten on there own as a tasty treat! They are also known as vegan chocolate chips.

Top Tips

Use dairy free chocolate chips in cookies to make them chocolate chip cookies. They can also be easily melted so are a quick alternative to melting a bar of chocolate.

Dairy-Free Chocolate Chunks

Dairy free chocolate chunks are perfect for adding to any sweet mix. Larger than dairy-free chocolate chips, they are excellent for melting, moulding, mixing and even snacking.

Top Tips

Use in a similar way to dairy-free chocolate chips to add a more chocolaty bite to baked goods and desserts.

Dairy-Free Crème Fraîche

This traditional French cream is thick and soft, a cross between cream cheese and yogurt and is made from dairy milk.  It can be added to sweet or savoury dishes to give them a creamy texture and flavour.

Vegan and dairy-free Crème Fraîche is made from plant-based milks and is lower in fat than non-vegan Crème Fraîche.

Top Tips

Use Dairy-Free Crème Fraîche in our recipe for Blinis with Smoked Carrot and ‘Caviar’

Dairy-Free Dark Chocolate

Dairy-free dark chocolate does not contain any milk and often has a high cocoa content. Many brands sell products that are suitable for vegans, and it is readily avaialble in UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Use chocolate in desserts as a tasty treat. For an easy snack for children (and adults) dip fruit into a little chocolate to encourage children to eat fruit.

Dairy-Free Horseradish Sauce

This type of horseradish sauce is free from dairy and it is often free from eggs. Traditional horseradish sauce usually contains cream or eggs, making it not suitable for vegans.

Horseradish sauce is made from the horseradish root, which is grated to release a pungent flavour.

Top Tips

Add as an additional tasty dip/sauce to dishes or add to soups to give them a kick.

Dairy-Free Margarine

Dairy-free margarine is a blend of vegetable fats and water, and is a great cruelty-free alternative to regular margarine with the added benefit of being much lower in saturated fats and cholesterol-free! Dairy-free margarine is also referred to as vegan butter, dairy-free butter, or vegan spread however, each brand of dairy-free and vegan butter/margarine is blended in different ways which gives them a different flavour and sometimes a different consistency.

Top Tips

Use dairy-free margarine as you would vegan butter; in place of non-vegan butter. Use it to cook with, for greasing cake tins and pans or on bread, potatoes, vegetables etc.

Dairy-Free Mayo

The difference between dairy-free mayonnaise and traditional mayonnaise is the egg substitute. Dairy-free mayonnaise uses vegetable proteins such as soy or pea, in place of eggs. Plant protein is what gives the egg-free mayonnaise its texture and helps the oil and water mix.

Top Tips

Use dairy-free mayo in place of non-vegan egg mayonnaise.

Dairy-Free Pesto

Dairy free pesto is made without any types of cheese included in the mixture. It has a large content of pine nuts and basil, and is often gluten-free. It is widely available in UK supermarkets, and it is also easy to make with a range of recipes available on the internet.

Top Tips

Use red pesto in the same way you would green pesto; Use up left over pesto by mixing into vegan mayonnaise and use as a tasty salad dressing, drizzle over a homemade pizza to add flavour or just add to pasta and pasta sauces for a delicious and simple meal. Make sure you find a dairy free version though because regular pesto contains cheese, so it isn’t vegan.

Dairy-Free Whipped Cream

You can buy two types of dairy free whipped cream, which is an alternative to dairy cream. These are compressed aerosol cans or tins of coconut cream that needs whisking to be whipped up. You can make it easily with a tin of coconut milk placed in a fridge overnight and whipped up using an electric whisk.

Top Tips

Use the same as non vegan whipped cream; garnish desserts such as trifles or ice cream with dairy-free whipped cream.

Dairy-Free White Chocolate

Dairy free white chocolate is a delicious alternative, totally animal product free with the same great taste. Creamy and sweet white chocolate is made by melting cocoa butter with powdered sugar, vanilla extract and coconut oil.

Top Tips

Use vegan white chocolate as a substitute to non vegan white chocolate. It melts the same and generally tastes the same as non vegan white chocolate.

Dandelion Greens

Commonly known as a particularly bothersome weed, it turns out that these ‘weeds’ are edible and delicious too. They are typically paired with rich, bold foods because of their bitter, peppery flavour and they can be consumed raw or cooked.

Top Tips

Fry dandelion leaves and add to vegan quiche as a filling. Alternatively you could use these greens as an additional vegetable in salads or as a side dish to a main meal.

Dark Ale

Ale is a type of beer, similar to stout (e.g Guinness) that is an alcoholic drink made with cereal such as barley. It is brewed using a warm fermentation method, resulting in a sweet, full-bodied and fruity taste.




Dark Brown Sugar

Dark brown sugar is literally as its name suggests, it is created from dark brown granules and contains more molasses than white sugar and has a much richer flavour compared to its lighter counterparts. Often used in pickles and chutneys as well as cakes and other baked goods.

Top Tips

Baked goods made with dark brown sugar end up moister, heavier, and chewier, so it is a good sugar to use when making cookies if you want them chewy.

Dark Rye Bread

Dark rye bread is made only with rye flour and it is a dense bread that is close textured. It is baked at a low temperature in a covered tin, and it is high in fibre.

Top Tips

With rye bread, do as the Scandis do; Make into an open top sandwich and enjoy as a snack or as a lunch time meal. It is also great smothered in vegan butter and dipped in soup.

Dark Soy Sauce

This type of soy sauce if aged for longer and it is darker in colour compared to other types of soy sauce. It is richer in flavour than other varieties of soy sauce, and there are both Chinese and Japanese options of dark soy sauce.

Top Tips

Make dark soy sauce into a dip or dressing by adding sesame oil or add to any stir fry dish as an alternative to salt.

Dashi (Japanese Stock)

Commonly used as a cooking stock in Japanese cuisine, Dashi forms the base for many kinds of traditional simmering liquid. Vegan varieties of dashi are made using shiitake mushrooms and seaweed. All types of dashi are rich in nutrients and full of numerous health benefits.

Top Tips

Use dashi to cook your noodles in to give them depth of flavour. Add dashi to stir fry’s to create a sauce.

Date Paste

Date Paste (otherwise known as date puree) is created from soaked dates that have been blended until a smooth caramel like puree forms. It is a great alternative to processed sugars, and can be created from using all type of dates, not just the expensive ones. As well as being economical it is also packed full of nutritional benefits such as zinc, fibre, potassium and magnesium. Its so quick and easy to make with minimal processing.

Top Tips

Use date paste/puree as a substitute for caramel in raw vegan desserts or add to dishes as a natural sweetener.

Date Puree

Date Puree is the same as date paste is created from soaked dates that have been blended until a smooth caramel like puree forms. It is a great alternative to processed sugars, and can be created from using all type of dates, not just the expensive ones. As well as being economical it is also packed full of nutritional benefits such as zinc, fibre, potassium and magnesium. Its so quick and easy to make with minimal processing.

Top Tips

Use date puree/paste as a substitute for caramel in raw vegan desserts or add to dishes as a natural sweetener.

Date Syrup

Made from boiling down dates with water and then blitzing in a blender- date syrup is a good natural sweetener to add to both sweet and savoury dishes.  Full of unrefined sugar, zinc, iron and calcium, using date syrup instead of regular sugar will restore your energy levels more efficiently than just spiking them for a short period of time.

Top Tips

Use date syrup as alternative to sweetener when baking, use when making homemade energy bars, or drizzle over breakfast cereal, porridge or dairy free yogurt.


Dates are one of the oldest cultivated fruits that have many benefits to human health. The most common variety of dates are the red brown colour, that are easily available in supermarkets.

Top Tips

Snack on dates stuffed with peanut butter as a protein source and a for a natural energy boost.

Dehydrated Fruit Powders

Dehydrated fruit powder is used for adding to smoothies, and other foods such as cake. There are many recipes to make your own fruit powders, and it is available to buy pre-made.

Top Tips

Add to energy bars, smoothies, use when baking, sprinkle over desserts and yogurt or over porridge to pack a punch of flavour.

Dehydrated Vegetable Powders

Dehydrated vegetable powders can be used for a range of things. This includes as a thickener for soups and stews, to add flavour and nutrients to different food.

Top Tips

Add to smoothies for added nutritional benefits or add to recipes to add a boost of flavour.

Demerara Sugar

This is a large-grained type of sugar that originates from Guyana, that was previously called Demerera. It is partially refined and comes from the first crystallisation process from pressing cane juice into sugar crystals.

Top Tips

Demerara sugar has a courser texture compared to white and golden sugars. Use it to top cakes, when baking cookies or to make crumble with.

Desiccated Coconut

This type of coconut is dried and shredded into small pieces and added into recipes for a coconut flavour. It can also be used as a topping on dishes.

Top Tips

Add to cakes, energy bars, sprinkle over cereal, ice cream, porridge, add to curries or use to garnish smoothies and other dishes.

Dijon Mustard

This type of mustard is named after the town of Dijon in Burgundy, France. It was the main area of France that made mustard during the Middle Ages and it is made using brown mustard seeds and white wine. It can be used as a condiment on its own or used within sauces and is otherwise known as French mustard.

Top Tips

Dijon mustard is a great ingredient to use when making vegan cheese due to its sharp and acidic flavour. It adds a great depth to stews and sauces. You can also add it to vegan mayonnaise and use it as a milder version of itself as a dip or condiment.


Dill is a herb that is part of the celery family. The leaves and seeds are used as flavouring in different recipes and dishes. It has a recognisable taste that is a combination of anise, celery and fennel.

Top Tips

Add dill to tomato sauces, use in soups and stocks or garnish dishes with this herb.

Dill Pickles

These are pickles, otherwise known as gherkins that are flavoured with dill. They are easily made and are also available to buy from selected supermarkets.

Top Tips

Sliced dill pickles make a great addition to a salad. They add bite and zing as well as being a great addition to dips and sauces.

Dried Banana

Dried Banana is small pieces of banana that have been dried through different methods. The banana skin is always peeled before drying. Dried banana can come in a variety of shapes and sizes; long spear slices, round chips, or chunks.

Top Tips

Use dried bananas as a snack or add to desserts and breakfast for a sweet addition.

Dried Chilli Pepper

Just as dried fruit has a more enhanced flavour than it does in its fresh form, chilli peppers also gain a more intense flavour when dried.

Dried chillies are often ground into powders, although many Mexican dishes use the entire chilli. Dried whole chillies may be reconstituted before grinding to a paste and the chipotle is the smoked, dried, ripe jalapeño.

Dried Couscous

Dried cous cous is small steamed balls of crushed durum wheat. You can purchase cous cous that is a creamy yellow colour that is widely available, or giant cous cous that is wholewheat and larger in size and not as easily available.

Top Tips

Soak couscous in hot stock until fluffy, season and add roasted vegetables for a quick and easy meal.

Dried Dill

Dill is a member of the parsley family. Dried dill has distinctive strong taste which is similar to that of a mix of fennel, anise and celery, with a warm and slightly bitter undertone.

Top Tips

Use dried dill in place of fresh dill in recipes. It work particularly well in Greek inspired dishes.

Dried Fruit

Dried fruit is fruit that has had its original water content removed. This happens either naturally, through sun drying, or through the use of of dehydrators or specialist dryers. The most popular of dried fruits sold are raisins, followed by dates, figs,prunes, peaches,apricots, pears and apples. Other fruits that are widely available are blueberries, cranberries, cherries, mango and strawberries which are normally infused with a sweetener such as sucrose syrup before drying.

Top Tips

Use dried fruit on top of desserts, in cereals, as a snack or stew them in water and eat with vegan, dairy-free ice cream, cream or yoghurt as a dessert.

Dried Mixed Herbs

Dried Mixed Herbs are an assortment of herbs that have been dried, deliberately. Drying the herbs preserves the herbs for longer storage, and concentrates the flavour.

Top Tips

Use dried mixed herbs to give pasta dishes, stews, soups or tomato based recipes a herby flavour.

Dried Spaghetti

These are brittle strands of spaghetti that have been dried to be cooked in boiling water before eating. They are widely available in all UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Add a store bought or homemade tomato sauce to pasta for a quick and easy meal.

Dried Thyme

Dried thyme is whole thyme leaves that have literally been dried.

Top Tips

Dried thyme is most often added to soups, stews, oils and vinegar’s.

Dried Yeast

Dried yeast is a single celled microorganism that is classified as a fungus. Yeast is an active ingredient in dough that helps it to rise, however there are different types of dry yeast. Check the instructions on the packets before use, and refer to the recipe you are using before purchasing any dried yeast.

Top Tips

Not just for bread making, use dried yeast to make a homemade pizza base, flat-breads or cinnamon rolls!

Dry Gin

Made with juniper berries, this type of gin has a dry flavour and generally doesn’t compromise of any sweetening agents. It is widely available in the UK as a branded item or as a supermarket own brand.

Top Tips

Not only an alcoholic beverage, gin can be used as a household cleaner, an aftershave and a foot-wash!

Dukkah Spice Mix

This is a traditionally Egyptian spice blend that has a nutty flavour. It is used a crust for some foods such as tofu, however it is most commonly used for dipping food into. You can buy it pre-made, or use a recipe to make it at home.

Top Tips

Fold into humus to give it a kick, sprinkle on flatbread or add to roasted vegetables for a flavour boost.


This nutrient-rich form of red alga has a variety of health benefits including the ability to improve vision, protect the immune system, increase growth and strengthen the brain and nervous system. Eaten fresh and dried this salty sea vegetable works great in soups and stews or sprinkled on dishes for seasoning.

Top Tips

Eaten fresh and dried this salty sea vegetable works great in soups and stews or sprinkled on dishes for seasoning.

Dutch Oven

A Dutch oven (or a Dutch cooking pot as it is also known) is a thick-walled cooking pot with a tight-fitting lid. They are usually made of seasoned cast iron however, some Dutch ovens are made of cast aluminium or ceramic.

Dutch ovens have been used as cooking vessels for hundreds of years and in English-speaking countries (other than the United States), they are referred to as casserole dishes (casserole means “pot” in French).

Dutch ovens are similar to both the Japanese tetsunabe and the sač, a traditional Balkan cast-iron oven, and are related to the South African potjiekos, the Australian Bedourie oven and Spanish cazuela.


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