Paella Rice

Paella rices are a category as opposed to one type. Rices that can be used in paellas are Bahia, Balilla, Bomba, Senia and Calasparra. Types of rice used in paellas usually absorb more water and don’t release as much starch as other varieties of rice that wouldn’t be suitable for paellas.

Top Tips

You can use paella rice for making risotto too, or try making rice pudding with left over paella rice. 

Pak Choi

This leafy vegetable is traditional to Chinese cooking and it’s a member of the cabbage family. It has other names including bok choi, horse’s ear, white mustard cabbage and Chinese celery cabbage. The stalks are white and chunky and the leaves are a deep green colour.

Top Tips

Steam, fry or add Pak Choi to a stir fry to give it a healthy crunch.

Palm Sugar

This type of sugar is made from any variety of palm oil, although each type of palm sugar might have a slightly different composition. The most common types are palmrya, date, nipa, sugar and coconut palms. It is made by boiling the collected sap until it thickens, and palm sugar is a common ingredient in Asian, Middle Eastern and North African cuisines.

Top Tips

Use in place of regular sugar.

Palmyra Jaggery

Organically and sustainably derived from the sap of the Palmyra tree, Palmyra Jaggery has a caramel-like flavour and can be used in anything from cakes to curries. As it is so naturally sweet, you can actually use 50% less than you would normal refined sugar.

Top Tips

Use in place of regular sugar.

Pandan Leaves

Grown in Southeast-Asia these herbaceous tropical leaves add an exotic flavour and fragrance to any curry or rice recipe. It also thought that consuming pandan leaves can help to lower high blood pressure and reduce fevers.

Top Tips

Pandan leaves are used as a spice in Asian cuisine. They can be used in cakes and desserts.

Panko Breadcrumbs

These breadcrumbs are a Japanese style of breadcrumb that is traditionally used to coat foods that are deep fried. Panko breadcrumbs are made without the crust of bread, and it is easily made at home using white bread, however packets of the breadcrumbs can be purchased.

Top Tips

Use panko breadcrumbs as an alternative to regular breadcrumbs.

Pappardelle Pasta

Pappardelle are large, very broad, flat pasta noodles, similar to wide fettuccine. The name derives from the verb “pappare”, to gobble up.


Top Tips

Use papardelle pasta in place of spaghetti.

We show you how to use pappardelle pasta in this recipe for Fennel, Courgette and Lemon Pappardelle.


Made from bell peppers, this spice was originally hot in its taste, however it was developed with bell peppers in the 1920s. It is used to flavour and colour different foods and can be used raw, however the flavour is enhanced when it is heated in oil.

Top Tips

Use to perk up rice dishes, stews, soups etc.


Parsley is a flowering plant with edible leaves. Other varieties include curly leaf parsley that is often used as a garnish. It is cultivated as a spice, herb and vegetable.

Top Tips

Use as a fresh herb in a variety of savoury dishes or simple chop up and use as a pretty garnish.


A white root vegetable, parsnips are comparable to carrots in shape. It is closely related to parsley and carrots, however it benefits from winter frosts. Frosts encourage the flavour to become sweeter, which is often enhanced when it is roasted. Parsnips can be eaten raw, however they are usually cooked. They are in season during autumn and winter.

Top Tips

Use roast parsnips like you would potatoes or turn into a tasty soup, or add to a stew.

Pasilla Chilli

Pasilla or ‘little raisin’ in Spanish is the dried form of the chilaca pepper. Named for its dark, wrinkled skin, it is a mild to medium hot, rich, smoky flavoured chilli. Pasilla chilies are roasted then added to a variety of dishes.

Top Tips

Add to soups, stews and other dishes to give them a slight kick – use as a milder alternative to a regular chilli.


Made from sieved tomatoes and traditionally used in Italian cooking, passata has a liquid consistency. The flavour isn’t as rich as other tomato products such as tomato paste and tomato puree. Dishes it is used as a base in are bolognese, for example.

Top Tips

Use as you would chopped tinned tomatoes, however, passata is smoother so you may want to use less than you would chopped tomatoes as it has a runnier texture.

Passion fruit

Passion fruit is considered a type of berry, it is small in size with most commonly a thick purple outer-skin and juicy orange seed filled centre. Passion fruits are highly nutritious and packed full of fiber as well as vitamins C and A. They are also an excellent source of iron and potassium.

Top Tips

Passion fruits are great as a dessert or snack in their own right. They can also be used as a great fruit in vegan cheesecakes or to decorate dishes due to their colourful fruit.


Used a basis to many dishes, pasta is a staple food of Italy. It is made from durum wheat and water, and is made into different shapes and cooked in boiling water. It comes in different varieties and is a cheap product that is a staple in many households.

Top Tips

Add a store bought or homemade tomato sauce to pasta for a quick and easy meal.

Pasta Flour

This flour is finely milled 00 flour, and it’s available from most supermarkets. It is commonly made from durum wheat, and yields a silkier texture to the pasta.

Top Tips

Experiment with pasta flour by making different types of homemade pasta such as ravioli or add flavour and colour to homemade pasta with spinach or beetroot.

Pea Shoots

These are the young shoots of pea plants that are rich in Vitamin C and A. You can purchase them in supermarkets, or grow them yourself at home as they grow quickly.

Top Tips

Pea shoots are a tasty addition to salads.


peachesPeaches are the fruit of the peach tree and are native to the Northwest region of China. The fruit is soft and juicy, and has a pale orange-pink colour. Peaches and nectarines are the same species, however, commercially they are regarded as different fruits. You can buy fresh peaches or tinned.

Top Tips

Peaches are lovely enjoyed as a fruit or used in a multitude of desserts and even savoury dishes. They retain their shape well when cooked so are great to use in crumbles or grilled and mixed into a salad.

Peanut Butter

Peanut butter is a popular ground dry roasted peanuts that have added salt, sweeteners or emulsifiers. It is versatile and can be used as a sandwich filling, to make satay sauce, and included in different recipes for a nutty flavour.

Top Tips

Peanut butter has multiple uses, both sweet and savoury. Use in homemade protein bars or add to stir fry sauces to give them a nutty and satisfying taste.

Peanut Flour

The flour is made by taking roasted peanuts, grinding them into a paste and then pressing out the oil. Culinary professionals use peanut flour as a thickener for soups, a flavour and aromatic enhancer in breads, pastries, main dishes and desserts.

Top Tips

Use peanut flour in place of regular flour as a gluten free substitute. It is high in protein and fibre.

Peanut Oil

Peanut oil is often used in cooking due to it having a high smoke point and a mild flavour. It is high on monounsaturates, and because of this it is considered to be healthier.

Top Tips

Use peanut oil when cooking stir fry’s as the flavour is quite neutral. It is best used as a cooking oil.


These are otherwise known as ground nuts, and they are grown for the edible seeds, which are the peanuts. They are versatile and can be eaten as the nut, or ground into peanut oil, peanut butter and the nuts are often coated in different seasonings.

Top Tips

Use peanuts to garnish stir fry’s with for added protein or snack on them. Raw peanuts can be used when making raw vegan/plant based recipes.


A pear is a sweet green edible fruit, which often has a yellow or slightly brown tint to its skin. A pear is narrow at the stalk and then becomes fuller and wider towards the base.

Top Tips

Eat a pear as a snack or add to desserts and cakes for a fruity lift.

Pearl Barley

Pearl barley, or pearled barley, is barley that has been processed to remove its hull and bran. All barley must have its fibrous outer hull removed before it can be eaten; pearl barley is then polished to remove the bran layer.  It can used mainly in soups, stews, and potages.

Top Tips

Try using pearl barley in our recipe for black pudding.


Peas are an excellent added addition to any menu, these little vegetables are packed full of vitamins and minerals, with some studies linking them to promoting vision and eye health. Peas can be eaten from fresh or frozen and come in many different varieties. Peas are delicious both boiled and steamed, they can be used in soups, stir fried and pureed. Some peas can be eaten raw and are perfect in a salad.


Pebre is a Chilean condiment made of coriander, chopped onion, olive oil, garlic and ground or pureed spicy aji peppers. It may contain also chopped tomatoes.

Top Tips

Pebre is most commonly used on bread, or you could use it as a dipping sauce; Try our recipe for Deep-Fried Plantain Fritters with Pebre.


Pecans are from hickory trees and they are in shells that have to be cracked. They are native to Mexico and the United States. They are full of beneficial vitamins and minerals, however they are a nut that has a high natural fat content.

Top Tips

Use pecans in sweet and savoury dishes. They are a great addition to desserts and are versatile.


The Spanish culinary term for pumpkin seed, pepitas are commonly used in Mexican cuisine. These seeds can be prepared in a variety of ways and they add flavour, fibre, and nutrients to a wide range of dishes.

Top Tips

Sprinkle pepitas over salads, garnish dishes with bthem or snack on them.

Peppadew Peppers

Peppadew is the trademarked brand name of Sweet Piquanté Peppers. An average jar consists of sweet piquanté peppers, water, sugar, spirit vinegar,salt, antioxidant citric acid, ascorbic acid, firming agent: E509.

Top Tips

Stuff peppadew peppers with vegan cream cheese to eat as a snack or as a nice addition to a picnic or buffet.

Pepper Berries

Tasmanian’s native ‘pepper’ is also sometimes referred to as ‘Mountain Pepper’. These black berries are a succulent, hot berry with a crunchy seed cluster at their centre. They are an interesting alternative to conventional black pepper although they are 10 times as hot.

Top Tips

Use pepper berries as an alternative to black peppercorns, grind them and sprinkle over dishes or as an ingredient in the dish.

Peppermint Extract

Peppermint extract is an herbal extract of peppermint made from the essential oils of peppermint leaves. It is commonly used in cooking, as a dietary supplement, as an herbal or alternative medicine, and as a pest repellent. The liquid is obtained by extracting the oils from dried or fresh leaves.

Peppermint Schnapps

Peppermint schnapps is a clear, mint-flavored distilled spirit (similar to crème de menthe) that is often used in winter cocktails. It is less sweet and typically contains more alcohol than crème de menthe, and may remind you of a liquid candy cane.


These fruits encased in an unusual shaped husk are part of the nightshade family and thus share a relation with the much more familiar tomatoes and peppers. Since it has a mild, refreshing acidity similar to the tomato, it can be used in many of the same ways.

Top Tips

A bitter sweet pretty fruit, great to use as a garnish.

Pickled Ginger

Pickled Ginger, also known as gari is a type of tsukemono (a Japanese preserved vegetable). Sweet, thinly sliced young ginger that has been marinated in a solution of sugar and vinegar is used to make pickled ginger. The young ginger is used because of its tender flesh and natural sweetness.

Top Tips

Use pickled ginger and make your own sushi at home or follow this Sushi Burger with Teriyaki Tofu Steak recipe, to make use of pickled ginger.

Pickled Jalapeños

These are chopped Jalapeños peppers that have been pickled in brine or vinegar and you can buy them in jars in UK supermarkets

Top Tips

Use as a garnish on Mexican inspired dishes or add to a salad for a spicy kick.

Pickled Red Cabbage

Pickling is a great way to preserve or extend the lifespan of food with brine or vinegar.

Pickled red cabbage is a condiment used to garnish or add flavour to dishes. Once pickled, the red cabbage brine or vinegar takes on a bright pink hue, making it a great accompaniment for a variety of dishes such as tacos, salads or sandwiches.



Pickles are cucumbers that have been left to ferment or a period of time in brine or vinegar. You can get different size pickles, and some taste different depending on the variety of cucumber used. Most vegetables can be pickled, and onions are a popular vegetable to pickle.

Top Tips

Similar to gherkins and dill pickles, pickles can make a great addition to a salad. They add bite and zing as well as being a great addition to dips and sauces.

Pickling Vinegar

Pickling vinegar is usually just distilled white vinegar, but other kinds of vinegar can be used to make pickles.

It is used to pickle and preserve all sorts of foods, but mostly vegetables such as cauliflower, gherkins, small white onions and red cabbage are used as pickling vegetables.



Pimms is created from the infusion of gin with herbal botanicals, caramelised orange and spices.

It has a dark-brown colour with a reddish tint, and tastes subtly of spice and citrus fruit. It is a popular drink in the summertime and commonly served with “English-style” with  lemonade, and garnished with  apples, cucumber, oranges, lemons, strawberry, and mint or borage, though nowadays most substitute mint.

It can however, also be used when making desserts such as ice lollies and jellies.



Pine Nuts

They are edible seeds from pines and there are about 20 species of pines that produce seeds large enough to eat them. They can be eaten raw and are often used in salads, however they are one of the main ingredients in pesto.

Top Tips

Toasted and served over pasta dishes or salads, pine nuts are a tasty addition to dishes.


They are edible seeds from pines and there are about 20 species of pines that produce seeds large enough to eat them. They can be eaten raw and are often used in salads, however they are one of the main ingredients in pesto.

Top Tips

Pineapple is a great fruit to snack on, fresh or tinned are both tasty. Use to garnish dishes that are sweet or savoury.

Pineapple Juice

Pineapple Juice is the liquid extract of the fruit of the Pineapple plant, and is produced by blending pineapples together creating juice.

Top Tips

Drink pineapple juice or add to smoothies as it counts as one of your five a day.

Pineapple, dried

Dried Pineapple oftern can be purchased in chunks, sliced rings, and diced.
Normally it is treated with sulphur dioxide as a colour fixative to maintain there appealing signature yellow colour. Without it, the dried pineapple can change to a brown colour. Occasionally coated with sugar, creating a chewy texture, sweet snack with a bit of sourness that can be eaten straight out of the bag. Some dried pineapple has no added sugar resulting in a more sour taste. Dried pineapple has an excellent source of fiber, enzymes, and antioxidants and provide a major health boost.

Top Tips

Eat dried pineapple as a snack or as topping on desserts and breakfasts.


Pink Himalayan Salt

This salt is from the Punjab region of Pakistan near the Himalayas, however, it is marketed as being from the Himalayas. It is a rock salt and it is believed to be the cleanest salt available on the planet.

Top Tips

Use as you would regular salt; The majority of recipes require you to add salt, but obviously the amount you use is down to preference and helps bring out the flavour in dishes. Don’t over do it with salt as it isn’t healthy to consume too much.

Pink Lady Apple

Pink Lady apples are the trademarked brand of Cripps Pink apples, they are deliciously sweet apples, which are the first apple to to blossom yet also the last to be harvested. Staying long in the sun gives these apples their distinctive special blush and wonderful crunch. All Pink Lady brand apples can be recognised by their famous pink heart sticker. For more information visit:

Top Tips

Eat these apples as a tasty and healthy snack or use in desserts,  or for breakfast.

Pink Lady Apple Juice

Pink Lady apple juice is the liquid extract of the fruit of the Pink Lady apple, The juice is sweet and fragrant, capturing their full floral flavour.

Top Tips

Drink as a refreshing drink or add to recipes instead of regular apple juice. Some people also make porridge with apple juice as it gives it a healthy sweetness.

Pink Peppercorns


A pink pepp ercorn  is a dried berry of the shrub commonly known as the Peruvian peppertree.

In French, they are appropriately known as baie rose meaning “pink berry”.

Although a peppercorn is the dried fruit of a plant from the genus Piper (pepper plants), pink peppercorns are named so, because they resemble peppercorns and have a peppery flavour.

However, pink peppercorns are actually a members of the cashew family, they may cause allergic reactions including anaphylaxis for persons with a tree nut allergy.

Pinto Beans

Pinto beans are what refried beans are made from, however they are also used in broths and are a common filling in burritos. They are a variety of the common bean that are most popular in the United States and Mexico.

Top Tips

Add pinto beans to soups, stews and casseroles to add texture to your dish. Cooked and canned pinto beans are also a lovely addition to salads especially with a garlic based dressing. Mash pinto beans to make refried beans.


Pistachios are a member of the cashew family that originate from Central Asia and the Middle East. You can buy them salted or unsalted, and they are often bought with the shells opened but not taken off the nut.

Top Tips

Snack on pistachios, add them to desserts, chop them up and use as a garnish on sweet and savoury dishes.

Pitta Bread

Pitta bread is also spelt as pita, and goes by several different names including Arabic bread, Lebanese bread or Syrian bread. You can buy them as white or wholemeal breads and are available in all UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Use pitta bread as an alternative to sandwiches, cut into strips and serve with houmous – a great snack.

Pitted Olives

Pitted olive is a culinary term for a olives that have had their pits/stones removed. Generally pitted olives are stuffed with an ingredient such as a pimiento, jalapeno, dried tomato, garlic or onion.

Top Tips

Eat olives as a snack or add them to Mediterranean-inspired dishes to give them an authentic flavour.

Plain Flour

Plain flour is the same as all purpose flour, not just for cake making and bread, but also as a thickener for sauces. For example: mix with a little water and add to stews to thicken them.

Top Tips

Plain flour is the same as all purpose flour, not just for cake making and bread, but also as a thickener for sauces. For example: mix with a little water and add to stews to thicken them.

Plant Based Sausages

These can be made from a range of ingredients. They are sometimes soya based and sometimes made from seitan (vital what gluten) and are used as a substitute for meat because of their texture, however, they can be made from vegetables that do not have a similar texture to meat.

Top Tips

Use as you would a non vegan sausages – Add to casseroles, use them in a sandwich, great with a fried vegan breakfast.

Plant Milk

Otherwise known as plant-based milk, non-dairy milk, dairy-free milk or nut milk, plant milks allow you to still enjoy consuming milk, whilst not being a part of the maltreatment of our dairy cows and their calves. Plant milks are a healthy and cruelty free milk substitute packed with vitamins derived from natural ingredients such as soy creating soy milk, coconuts for coconut milk and almonds for almond milk. Other types of plant milk can include hemp milk, cashew milk, hazelnut milk, oat milk, and milk from peas and lupins. They all have a slightly different taste and consistency. Plant milk is not just used as a liquid to put in your tea or on cereal it can be used as an alternative in making ice cream, cream, cheese and yoghurt.


Plantains are a type of fruit that can be used at any stage of ripeness in cooking, however to eat them raw they must be ripe. Similar to bananas, they change in colour from green to yellow to black as they get riper, however, they are not as strong as bananas in taste and have the taste of potatoes. They are starchy and firm.

Top Tips

Can be found fresh or made into plantain crisps. Fry and use as a snack or side dish.

Plum Tomatoes

A plum tomato, is a type of tomato grown for the purpose of making sauces and packing such as tinning. They are generally oval or cylindrical in shape, with less seed compartments than standard round tomatoes and more solid in texture. This makes them more suitable for processing and tinning.


Plums come in many different varieties, some sweet, some a little more tart. All plums, however, have smooth, richly coloured skins and a hard central stone.

Plums vary in hue from deep purple to red, yellow and green and sweet dessert plums can be used for cooking, too.

Dried plums are known as prunes.

Poached Pear

Poached pears are pears that have been slowly simmered in boiling water often with a variety of spices, syrups or even wine of your choice to enhance their delicate and sweet flavours.

Top Tips

Poached pears are very versatile and can be used in both sweet and savoury dishes. Tthey can be a delicious dish eaten on their own, with a little plant-based cream or added to something like cashew cheese on toast.


Polenta is finely ground cornmeal and made from yellow corn and has a slightly sweet flavour. It can be cooked to have a thick texture, or it can be used to coat foods instead of breadcrumbs.

Top Tips

Polenta is great marinated or infused with truffle oil, it enhances the earthy and comforting taste of polenta.


The pomegranate is a fruit that is red-purple in color and the edible fruit is a berry with seeds and pulp.

It originated in the region extending from modern-day Iran.  It has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region and was introduced into Spanish America in the late 16th century and into California by Spanish settlers in 1769.

Pomegranate Molasses

Pomegranate molasses are made from pomegranate juice that have been reduced and thickened. You can purchase it from UK supermarkets or make it at home. It isn’t a very sweet syrup, however it is tangy and adds depth to the flavour of dishes.

Top Tips

Often used in Mediterranean recipes, use as a drizzle over dishes.

Pomegranate Seeds

Pomegranate seeds come from the fruit of a pomegranate. Pomegranate seeds are rich in vitamin C, potassium, and fiber.

Top Tips

Top Tip: Roll the pomegranate  fruit first to loosen the seeds.

Poppy Seeds

Poppy seeds are obtained from the dried seed pod of a poppy flower. The seeds are used as an ingredient in many foods, especially in pastries, cakes and bread such as pretzels and lemon-poppy seed cakes. The seeds can also be pressed to produce poppyseed oil.

The drug opium is produced by “milking” latex from the unripe seed pods, however, all parts of the poppy plant can contain or carry the opium alkaloids, especially morphine and codeine. Therefore, it has been known that eating foods that contain poppy seeds can result in a false positive for opiates in a drug test, although the results provided will not be the same for someone who uses opiates.


Porcini Mushrooms

Porcini mushrooms have a nutty and earthy taste,with a mouth watering hearty texture! They are packed full of iron, fiber and antioxidants as well as are an excellent source of protein.

Top Tips

They are a perfect way to add extra flavour to almost any meal whilst boosting nutrition.

Porcini Mushrooms, Dried

Dried porcini mushrooms have a nutty flavour and they are often used in risottos and soups. You can purchase them in major UK supermarkets.

Top Tips

Use as you would regular mushrooms once hydrated. Use the liquid you have re-hydrated mushrooms with as the base to a stock.

Portobello Mushrooms

This type of mushroom has a meaty texture and are good for baking, roasting and the size makes them ideal for filling with other ingredients.

Top Tips

Portobello mushrooms are a great mushroom to stuff with couscous, nuts, lentils etc. Cut up and use in dishes as they are robust and ‘meaty’, for this reason, they are great for marinating.


Potatoes come in different types that are suited to different uses. They offer little nutritional value, however they are a starchy and it is a member of the nightshade family.

Top Tips

Potatoes are very versatile, roast, fry, mash, boil or eat as potato crisps.

Potato Starch

Potato starch flour is from the root starch of potatoes. It is usual purchased as clear white powder, looking and feeling like cornstarch.

Top Tips

Potato starch can be used to thicken dishes with instead of flour.

Powdered Egg Replacer

This alternative to eggs is made with potato starch and tapioca starch as the main ingredients. Water is added to it in different measurements to make equivalent quantities of eggs, egg whites or egg yolks.

Top Tips

Ideal for biscuits and cakes, egg free mayonnaise and custard, this versatile egg free powder allows you to create vegan suitable sweet and savoury treats. Pay special attention to packet instructions, as different egg replacers require different preparation methods.

Powdered Sugar

Powdered sugar is icing sugar which is white sugar that has been finely ground down to a powder. In commercial varieties it may usually have tiny amounts of cornflour or another anti-caking agent added to stop clumps from forming.

Top Tips

Icing sugar dissolves instantly and can be used in a variety of recipes making butter creams and some meringues. It is often also used in creating an eye catching presentation, sprinkled or dusted over cakes and deserts before serving.

Pressed, Cloudy Apple Juice

Cloudy apple juice is from pressed apples that are sweet. The juice has been pasteurised so it is safer for the consumer to drink. A variety of apples are used, such as Cox’s, Braeburn or Gala.

Top Tips

Drink cloudy apple juice as a refreshing beverage, add to smoothies and juices or add to porridge in place of non dairy milk. Be careful though, as apple juice and fruit juices in general have a high sugar content.


Their are two types of pretzel one being the traditional large soft pretzels, originating from Germany. There are different variations using whole wheat flour, spelt flour, or a mixture of different flours. Often large pretzels can topped with coarse salt or sometimes with sunflower seeds, sesame seeds or poppy seeds. The second being the mini pretzel, keeping the same heart like shape but as a cruncher mini version, the perfect size for snacking and dipping, giving the same great taste as their larger counterparts, in a bite size.

Top Tips

Depending on the size of your pretzel, either eat as a convenient snack or as an on-the-go meal.

Princes Mandarin Segments with Juice

Princes Mango Slices with Juice

Princes Peach Chunks with Juice

Princes Pineapple Chunks with Juice

Princes tinned pineapple chunks are a convenient and easy way to eat pineapple without having to prepare it yourself. The process of tinning the pineapple begins in a factory, where fresh pineapples are topped, tailed, sliced then tinned in their own juices. This ensures the pineapple stays fresher for longer.

Princes tinned pineapple chunks can then be enjoyed on their own,  in desserts, fruit salads, cakes and some people enjoy it as a  pizza topping. This is known as a ‘Hawaiian’ pizza.

Princes Ready-to-eat Prunes


Prosecco is a sparkling white wine that originates from Italy. It is widely available in all UK supermarkets, and it ranges in price depending on the quality of the product.

Top Tips

Drink prosecco responsibly as an alcoholic beverage, or add to cocktails and cooking recipes such as prosecco jelly.

Psyllium Husks

Psyllium Husks make an excellent source of fibre, they are acquired from the seed of the Plantago Ovata plant, which is found throughout Europe, Africa and Asia.

Top Tips

Use Psyllium husks when making raw recipes as they are a great binding ingredient.

Puff Pastry

Puff pastry is a type laminated dough that contains many thin layers of pastry, which puffs up into a light, crispy texture once it bakes in the oven. Puff pastry can be used in both sweet and savoury dishes. The most popular and well known brand of puff pastry is Jus-Rol Puff Pastry

Top Tips

You can make tarts, parcels, vegan sausage rolls and desserts out of puff pastry. Try and veganize any interesting puff pastry recipes you find.

Pulled Oumph!

Pulled Oumph! made by the same people who create Oumph! The Chunk, are pieces of extruded soya protein in BBQ sauce. The pieces come frozen and can be added to stews, soups, curries etc. or just fried on their own and enjoyed.


This is a type of bread that is traditional to Germany. It is dark, dense and is made from wholemeal rye.

Top Tips

Similar to rye bread, use as a more dense alternative to regular bread or create open sandwiches with rye bread.


Pumpkin is a fruit that grows on the ground and is filled with seeds that are edible. The flesh can be used in sweet or savoury dishes. There are different types of pumpkins, and they are usually in season during the autumn.

Top Tips

Roast pumpkin, add it to soups and stews or turn into puree for baking with.

Pumpkin Purée

Pumpkin puree is made from cooked pumpkin. It can be purchased in tins and is commonly used as a pie filling. You can make pumpkin puree at home by roasting and seasoning pumpkin, and then make the flesh into a puree in a food processor.

Top Tips

Use in baking to make pumpkin pie, muffins, cheesecakes or add to dog food or homemade dog biscuits (the anti oxidants and beta-carotene in pumpkins is very good for dogs).

Pumpkin Seeds

Taken from the inside of pumpkins, they are edible, flat seeds that oval in shape and green in colour. They can be rinsed and roasted and have flavours added to them or be left plain. They are full of protein and have a range of nutrients that are beneficial to human health.

Top Tips

Pumpkin seeds are a great, healthy snack. Alternatively sprinkle over salads and soups to add bite, or use as an attractive garnish on dishes.

Pumpkin Spice

This is a spice mix that is used in pumpkin pie, and it’s made from ground cinnamon, ground ginger, nutmeg, cloves and allspice. It can be made by combining these ingredients or it can be purchased ready made.

Top Tips

Use pumpkin spice when baking in cakes but especially when making pumpkin pie. If you can’t find a ready made mix, then use the spices listed ( ground cinnamon, ground ginger, nutmeg, cloves and allspice) to make your own version.

Pure Maple Syrup

Rich in nutrients, this 100 per cent natural sweetener is the perfect alternative to refined sugars. Pure maple syrup has a distinctive earthy flavour that is a great complement for many savoury foods. Divided into two grades, this syrup is available in a variety of intensities including Grade A light, medium and dark amber.

Top Tips

Use as an alternative to sweeteners and sugar in desserts or use in savoury dishes to add a smokey/sweet flavour. Great for using in marinades.

Purple Cabbage

Purple cabbage is a colourful variety of cabbage from the brassica family and is high in nutrients and vitamins.

Top Tips

Finely grate raw red cabbage and use in a salad, to make coleslaw, boil to make a pretty cabbage side dish or pickle to use as a garnish or accompaniment to other dishes.

Purple Potatoes

Otherwise known as Vitelotte, this type of potato is a gourmet French variety that has been cultivated in France since the early 19th century. They are filled with antioxidants and phytonutrients that are beneficial to human health.

Top Tips

Use in place of regular potatoes. Prettier than regular potatoes, so roast them and use them as a feature at meal times.

Purple Sprouting Broccoli

Purple sprouting broccoli has purple florets. They require less cooking than other types of broccoli, however the purple colour doesn’t always remain when the broccoli is cooked.

Top Tips

Simply boil or steam purple sprouting broccoli and use as a side dish, in a salad or roast to slightly change the flavour of this vegetable.

Purple Sweet Potato

Sweet potatoes are originally native to Colombia and southern Central America. After European colonisation they were brought to Asia, where a purple fleshed variety were developed on the Japanese island of Okinawa. Today, they are widely grown in the USA and are exported all over the globe.  Purple sweet potatoes have a sumptuous , rich flavour but are drier and denser than normal sweet potatoes, also taking longer to cook.

Puy Lentils

Puy lentils are green-grey in their colour that are grown in the Le Puy region of France. They have a better texture and taste than other lentils and retain their flavour when cooked. They are usually more expensive than other types of lentil, however this is due to their taste and texture and are only grown in a specific location.

Top Tips

Use Puy lentils as an accompaniment to main dishes, as a way to stuff mushrooms, peppers etc or add to salads.


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